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Directive 2009/136/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 November 2009 amending Directive 2002/22/EC on universal service and users’ rights relating to electronic communications networks and services, Directive 2002/58/EC concerning the processing of personal data and the protection of privacy in the electronic communications sector and Regulation (EC) No 2006/2004 on cooperation between national authorities responsible for the enforcement of consumer protection laws (Text with EEA relevance) 

OJ L 337, 18.12.2009, p. 11–36 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)

Special edition in Croatian: Chapter 13 Volume 052 P. 224 - 249

About Brain Signature Profiling [ BEOS ]

Neural processing / activation are different during retrieval of knowledge acquired through experience in comparison with retrieval of knowledge acquired through conceptual learning. Retrieval of Experiencing Knowledge may have components of sensory-motor mental imageries representing reality contacts and verifications, though the knowledge derived is only subjectively verified and interpreted.

Extensive research in Neuroscience has shown that the brain activation pattern is significantly different during ‘remembering’ and ‘knowing’. Remembrance is always that of past personal episodes which constitutes the experiences of the individual. On the other hand knowing represents retrieval from the knowledge bank of the brain used for recognition of the entities of world and their conceptualizations.

Forensic Tech2a

The technique has immense forensic and medical application as it can extract ‘signature’ related to specific experiences with personal significance, one has gone through in the past and hence one is bound to remember. These experiences may be related to personal participation in activities, which may include planning, discussions, and even strong intentions which served as motives for execution of specific actions. Generally one remembers only those experiences which have personal significance to the self. Emotions, gains, and such personal values attached to the participation render an event personally significant and retrievable.

An important feature of the test is that the subject is not presented with questions and need not answer or provide any response while listening to the probes.

“Neuro Signature System” represents the equipment designed and developed by Axxonet. It records scalp electrical activity from a person using multiple electrodes and the N.S.S. program extracts the signature, if present, when the subject silently listens to the probes. The probes are presented in auditory mode.

The Neuro Signature System carries out extensive analyses of the electrical oscillations for computing both frequency and time domain related changes induced and provoked by the probes. At the end of the automated analyses, the system prints out an interpreted report which tells the nature of involvement, if any, of the subject in the said activities probed by the test. Based on the probes presented, it can indicate if the subject took part in an activity, the specific role played by one, whether related to planning or execution. It can also help identify a person from a group who has performed a specific activity or determine the differential roles of the individuals tested.

Continuous research is in progress at Axxonet for better understanding and refining analysis methods for the detection of the various changes recorded during the presentation of the probes, their display, and their neurocognitive significances.

N.S.S. BEOS carries out the entire range of analyses and the interpretation of the analysed results automatically and prepares the Forensic Report of the suspect.

The test can be used as a powerful investigatory aid. The investigating agency has the duty to be confidential about the outcome revelations of the test, unless the same is otherwise revealed by material evidence and are presented in a court of law.

Target Audience - Universities



Introduction to Forensic Science & Forensic Psychology

Introduction to Psychology and Behavior

Psychology: Brain – Mind – Behavior, Criminal Behavior Neuropsychological and psychosocial determinants, Forensic Psychology in crime investigation, Ethical Implications

Forensic Psychology in Crime Investigation

Crime Scene Management and Forensic Psychology

Criminal Profiling (Lab)

Interviewing Suspects/Accused (Lab)

Brain Electrical Oscillations Signature (BEOS) profiling

Scientific Basis, Technique, Instrumentation, Methodology, Recording and Analysis – practical demonstrations, Importance of BEOS in Forensics (Lab)

Polygraph- Deception Detection

Scientific basis, Technique, Instrumentation, Methodology

Question types (GTK, CQT, Affirmative etc.), Recording and Analysis, (Lab)

Other investigative techniques: Hypnosis and Narcoanalysis

Scientific basis, Technique, Procedure, Advantages and Disadvantages

Forensic Psychological Assessments (Lab)

Forensic Psychology in Practice

Application of Forensic Psychology

In Civil Courts, Prisons, Family Court, Juvenile home, Mental Hospitals, Legal Aid centers

Insanity and Law

Malingering, Competency to Stand Trial, Criminal responsibilities, Sentence Mitigation, Civil Commitments, Guardianship & Conservatorship, Social Issues on Litigation, Psychological & Neuropsychological Evaluations, Criminal Profiling

Eyewitness Identification, Psychological Profiling and Other Evaluations





Introduction to Forensic Psychology

Forensic Sciences – Forensic Psychology: Past-Present – Psychology & Law – Psychologist as an Expert Witness

Understanding Crime & Criminal Behaviour

Psychology of Crime – Biological, Psychological, Neuropsychological  and Social Determinants of Criminal Behaviour

Forensic Psychology in Crime Investigation

Psychological Examination of Crime Scene – Offender Profiling – Forensic Interviewing – Eye-Witness Testimony – Examination of High-risk offenders

Forensic Psychology as an Aid to Investigation

Psychological Profiling, Detection of Deception - Polygraph Examination, fMRI Lie Detection – Brain Electrical Oscillation Signature Profiling – Narcoanalysis, Forensic Hypnosis, Voice-stress Analysis – Theories, Techniques, Instrumentation, Methodology, Procedure & Critical Evaluation

Forensic Psychology in Practice

  1. A. Forensic Psychology in Civil Proceedings

Domestic Law & Rights of Adults, Children – Civil Competency, Personal Injury Evaluations, Work-related Compensation, Evaluation of Disabilities, Trauma Due to Abuse

  1. B. Forensic Psychology in Criminal Proceedings

Competency to stand trial, Criminal Responsibility, Diminished Capacity, Risk Assessment, Eye-Witness Testimony

Profession of Forensic Psychology

Forensic Psychology as a profession – For Social & Individual Protection – Professinal Issues: Licencing, Advocacy, liaisoning – Ethical Considerations