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BEOS Publications

Research papers on B.E.O.S. Profiling presented in conferences and published (2009 – 2005).

BEOS Profiling papers presented and published (2004 – 2009)
I. Publication containing related work
1. Mukundan, C.R. (2007). Brain Experience: Neuroexperiential Perspectives of Brain-Mind. Atlantic Publishers, New Delhi.

II. Papers presented In conferences and published as proceedings

 1. Mukundan CR, et al. (2009) Brain Electrical Oscillations Signature Profiling.    Paper submitted.


 2. Puranik, D.A., Joseph, S.K., Daundkar, B.B., Garad, M.V. (2009). Brain Signature profiling in India. It’s status as an aid in investigation and as corroborative evidence – as seen from judgments. Proceedings of XX All India Forensic Science Conference, 815 – 822, November 15 – 17, Jaipur.


3. Sunny, J., Puranik, D.A., Daundkar, B.B., Garad, M.V. (2009). Presence of Experiential Knowledge in suspected vs. control subjects. An evaluation of Brain Electrical Oscillations Signature Profiling. Proceedings of XX All India Forensic Science Conference, 803 – 813, November 15 – 17, Jaipur.    


 4. Sunny, J., Mukundan, C.R., Puranik, D.A., Daundkar, B.B., Garad, M.V. (2009). Eliciting Experiential Knowledge – Some theoretical and practical considerations in designing probes for Brain Signature Profiling. Proceedings of XX All India Forensic Science Conference, 823 – 834, November 15 – 17, Jaipur.  


 5. Khopkar, N.M., Shukla, A.D., Shah, D.G., Vaya, S.L. Significance of isolated Experiential Knowledge in interpreting Brain Electrical Oscillations Signature Profile. Proceedings of XX All India Forensic Science Conference, 787 – 794, November 15 – 17, Jaipur.    


 6. Wagh, N.B., Vaya, S.L., Vyas, J.M., Asawa, T.L., Khandwala, S.U., Khera, G., Khopkar, N.M., Parekh, D.D., Mukundan, C.R. (2009). Sensitivity and Specificity of Brain Electrical Oscillations Signature Profiling. Abstract in  Proceedings of XIX All India Forensic Science Conference,  pp 112, January 18-20, Gandhinagar.


 7. Vaya, S.L. Vyas, J.M., Khopkar, N.M., Wagh, N.B., Rever, J.M., Asawa, T.L., Khandwala, S.U., Khera, G., Parekh, D.D., Mukundan, C.R. (2009a). Scenario wise analysis of experiential knowledge in brain electrical oscillation signature profiling. Abstract in Proceedings of XIX All India Forensic Science Conference, Pp. 113, January 18-20, Gandhinagar.


 8. Vaya, S.L. Vyas, J.M., Khopkar, N.M., Wagh, N.B., Rever, J.M., Asawa, T.L., Khandwala, S.U., Khera, G., Parekh, D.D., Mukundan, C.R. (2009b). Presence of Experiential Knowledge in sequence in BEOS profiling: Implications for forensic formulations. Abstract in Proceedings of  XIX All India Forensic Science Conference, Pp. 114, January 18 – 20, Gandhinagar.


 9. Vaya, S.L., Khopkar, N.M., Shukla, A.D., Patel, V.H., Shah, D.G., (2009c). Brain Electrical Osicllations Signature profiling technique to verify the truthfulness of confessions. (2009). Abstract in Proceedings, XIX All India Forensic Science Conference, Pp. 115, January 18 – 20, Gandhinagar.


 10. Anjali, Y., Rao, M.S., Ravikumar K.V. (2009). Brain Electrical OSicllations Signature profiling: An emerging tool in crime investigation. Proceedings, pp. 117- 123, XIX All India Forensic Science Conference, January 18 – 20. Gandhinagar.


 11. Mukundan,  C.R. (2008) Brain Electrical Oscillations Signature Profiling for Crime Investigation. V. Veeraraghavan (Ed.) Selective & Scientific Books, New Delhi, 123 – 146.

12. Mukundan,  C.R. (2007) Brian Signature Profiling for Crime Detection. In: Krian Rao, Indira Jai Prakas, Srinivasan K. (Eds.) Mindscapes: Global Perspectives on Psychology in Mental Health. NIMHANS Publication, 282 – 97.

III. Papers presented in International Conferences with abstracts published

13. Mukundan, C.R. (2008a). BEOS Profiling in Crime Investigation – paper presented in the Annual Conference of Division of Forensic Psychology, British Psychological Society, June 24 – 26, Edinburgh, UK.

14. Mukundan, C.R. (2008b). BEOS Profiling: New Methods in Crime Investigation. Invited paper presented in Forensic Psychology Workshop by British Psychological Society, July 3, British Psychology Society Office, 30 Tabernacle Street, London.

15. Mukundan, C.R. (2008c). BEOS Profiling. Invited paper presented in the Annual Conference of British Psychological Society, North East of England Branch at Leeds University, June 26.

16. Mukundan, C.R. (2008d). BEOS profiling. Invited paper presented in the International Conference of South Asian Congress of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology Workshop, October 9,  Amity, Noida, India.

17. Mukundan, C.R.(2005).  Brain electrical oscillation signature profiling for forensic applications, Paper presented in 17th Annual International Conference of Association of Forensic Sciences, August 21-26, Hongkong.

18. Krishnamurthy, R.  (2008)  BEOS As an Aid to Interrogation. Invited lecture in Forensic Psychology Workshop by British Psychological Society, July 3, BPS Office, 30 Tabernacle Street, London.

19. Sunny Joseph (2008). BEOS As an Aid to Interrogation. Invited paper presented in Forensic Psychology Workshop by British Psychological Society, July 3, BPS Office, 30 Tabernacle Street, London.

20. Vaya, S.L. (2008) Polygraph and Brain Electrical Oscillations Signature (BEOS)  As an Aid to Scientific Interrogation 1: Indian Scenario. Invited paper presented in Forensic Psychology Workshop by British Psychological Society, July 3, 2008, BPS Office, 30 Tabernacle Street, London.

21. Mukundan, C.R. (2007). Invited 3 hours lecture on BEOS profiling at the Neurodynamics Laboratory, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, New York, May 15.

22. Mukundan, C.R. (2007). Invited lecture on BEOS profiling at the Kirby Forensic Psychiatric Center, New York, May 11.
    

IV. Papers presented in National Conferences and Workshops


 23. Navaz Irani, Sunny Joseph, K., Deepti Puranik, Nilesh Shinde, Goraksha, U., Ghumatkar, S. V., Garad. M.V., (2009.). A Case Study of the Murder of a School Teacher through Forensic Psychological Evaluation.  XIX All India Forensic Science Conference Organized by Directorate of Forensic Sciences, Ministry of Home Affairs, Govt. of India, at Nirma University, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, January 18 –20.

24. Sunny Joseph, K., Deepti Puranik, Navaz Irani, Nilesh Shinde, Goraksha, U., Ghumatkar, S. V., Garad. M.V., (2009). Brain Electrical Oscillation Signature(BEOS) Profiling: A Forensic Case Study of a Diamond Theft, XIX All India Forensic Science Conference Organized by Directorate of Forensic Sciences, Ministry of Home Affairs, Govt. of India, Nirma University, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, January 18 –20.

25. Sunny Joseph, K., Navaz Irani, Deepti Puranik, Nilesh Shinde, Goraksha, U., Ghumatkar, S. V., Garad. M.V., (2009). Brain Electrical Oscillation Signature(BEOS) Profiling in Identifying Offenders in Forensic Cases.  XIX All India Forensic Science Conference Organized by Directorate of Forensic Sciences, Ministry of Home Affairs, Govt. of India, at Nirma University, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, January 18 –20.

26. Mukundan, C.R. (2009). Interpretation of Experiential Knowledge in BEOS Profile. Invited paper in the technical session to Judges in the XX All India Forensic Science Conference, 787 – 794, November 15 – 17, Jaipur.  

27. Invited presentation on BEOS profiling to CBI officers, at CBI Headquarters, New Delhi, September 2, 2009.

28. Mukundan, C.R. (2009). BEOS Profiling as an aid to investigation. Invited presentation in the technical session to Judges and Police Officers in the XIX All India Forensic Science Conference Organized by Directorate of Forensic Sciences, Ministry of Home Affairs, Govt. of India, at Nirma University, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, January 18 –20.

29. Mukundan, C.R. (2008). BEOS profiling. Invited paper presented in the CME of Indian Psychiatric Society Kerala Branch, on Forensic Psychiatry, May 25.

30. Mukundan, C.R. (2008). Brain signature profiling. Invited lecture at the National Workshop at Amity University, Noida. March.

31. Sunny Joseph. (2008). BEOS profiling: a forensic investigative aid. Invited lecture at the National Workshop at Amity University, Noida, March.   

32. Mukundan, C.R. (2007). BEOS Profiling technique. Invited paper in the XVIII All India Forensic Science Conference at Kolkotta, November 16-18.

33. Mukundan, C.R. (2007). BEOS profiling technique. Invited presentation to Orissa Judicial Academy, December 26.

34. Mukundan, C.R. (2007). Half day National Workshop on BEOS profiling technology for Psychiatrists, Psychiatry Department of SN Medical College, Agra, September 8-10.   

35. Mukundan, C.R. (2007). Invited lecture on Forensic Psychology for investigation to participants from judiciary in Haryana Police Academy, Madhuban, Haryana, August 30.

36. Invited faculty for presenting paper on BEOS technology at National Institute of Criminology and Forensic Sciences, New Delhi, December 2006.

37. Invited presentation on Neural Representation of Language, current perspective of Complex Language Disorder, 16th National Academy of Psychology (NAOP) Conference, Department of Humanities & Social Sciences IIT Bombay, December 14th -16th, 2006.

38. Invited faculty for programs conducted by National Resource Center, DFS, Gandhinagar, in BEOS profiling techniques and forensic psychology. 2006

39. Invited to conduct half day seminar on Brain Electrical Oscillation Signature Profiling at BPR&D, MHA, October 31,2005

40. Invited to present keynote address on Brain Electrical Oscillation Signature Profiling in the 6th Annual National Conference of Indian Forensic Medicine and Toxicology held at Chandigarh, on 19 – 20th November 2005.  

41. Invited to Present paper on Brain Electrical Oscillation Signature profiling at CBI training college, Gaziabad, October 2005.

42. Invited to conduct seminar Brain Electrical Oscillation Signature profiling at Amitti Institute of Forensic Sciences, New Delhi, October 2005

43. Invited to present paper on Brain Electrical Activation Fingerprinting (Not Brain Fingerprinting) for Crime Investigation in the National Seminar and Workshop on Recent Advances in Forensic Sciences and Forensic Medicine organized by the Department of Forensic Sciences, Legal Services of Goa and Directorate of Forensic Sciences, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India, and Directorate of Forensic Sciences Laboratories, State of Maharashtra, at Goa on 10th and 11th October, 2004.

44. Invited to conduct 2 days workshop on the Role of Brain Electrical Activation Fingerprinting (Not Brain Fingerprinting) in Crime Investigation organized by the Directorate of Forensic Science, Ministry of Home Affairs, and the Directorate of Forensic Sciences, Gandhinagar on 24th and 25th July 2004 at Gandhinagar for Judges, Police personal, Forensic Scientists, and Public Prosecutors.

45. Invited to present paper on Brain Electrical Activation Fingerprinting (Not Brain Fingerprinting) in the plenary session in the National Seminar on Recent Advances in Forensic Sciences on August 1, 2004, organized by the Directorate of Forensic Sciences, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India, at New Delhi.

46. Invited to present paper on Brain Electrical Activation Fingerprinting (Not Brain Fingerprinting) for Crime Investigation in the National Seminar and Workshop on Recent Advances in Forensic Sciences and Forensic Medicine organized by the Department of Forensic Sciences, Government Medical College, Aurangabad, Directorate of Forensic Sciences, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India, and Directorate of Forensic Sciences Laboratories, State of Maharashtra, at Aurnagabad on 28th and 29th August, 2004.

About Brain Signature Profiling [ BEOS ]

“B.E.O.S.” refers to a signature extracted from the electrical oscillations of the brain of a person, obtained while presenting probes related to specific events in which the person is suspected to have participated. The signature represents the presence of electrical activation pattern indicating retrieval of Experiential Knowledge of the said participation. The signature is absent while the subject retrieves information, which one could have conceptually (from sources other than participation) acquired.

B.E.O.S is also called Brain-Mapping in some parts of the world which is a misnomer.

Neural processing / activation are different during retrieval of knowledge acquired through experience in comparison with retrieval of knowledge acquired through conceptual learning. Retrieval of Experiencing Knowledge may have components of sensory-motor mental imageries representing reality contacts and verifications, though the knowledge derived is only subjectively verified and interpreted.

Extensive research in Neuroscience has shown that the brain activation pattern is significantly different during ‘remembering’ and ‘knowing’. Remembrance is always that of past personal episodes which constitutes the experiences of the individual. On the other hand knowing represents retrieval from the knowledge bank of the brain used for recognition of the entities of world and their conceptualizations.

Forensic Tech2a

The technique has immense forensic and medical application as it can extract ‘signature’ related to specific experiences with personal significance, one has gone through in the past and hence one is bound to remember. These experiences may be related to personal participation in activities, which may include planning, discussions, and even strong intentions which served as motives for execution of specific actions. Generally one remembers only those experiences which have personal significance to the self. Emotions, gains, and such personal values attached to the participation render an event personally significant and retrievable.

An important feature of the test is that the subject is not presented with questions and need not answer or provide any response while listening to the probes.

“Neuro Signature System” represents the equipment designed and developed by Axxonet. It records scalp electrical activity from a person using multiple electrodes and the N.S.S. program extracts the signature, if present, when the subject silently listens to the probes. The probes are presented in auditory mode.

The Neuro Signature System carries out extensive analyses of the electrical oscillations for computing both frequency and time domain related changes induced and provoked by the probes. At the end of the automated analyses, the system prints out an interpreted report which tells the nature of involvement, if any, of the subject in the said activities probed by the test. Based on the probes presented, it can indicate if the subject took part in an activity, the specific role played by one, whether related to planning or execution. It can also help identify a person from a group who has performed a specific activity or determine the differential roles of the individuals tested.

Continuous research is in progress at Axxonet for better understanding and refining analysis methods for the detection of the various changes recorded during the presentation of the probes, their display, and their neurocognitive significances.

N.S.S. BEOS carries out the entire range of analyses and the interpretation of the analysed results automatically and prepares the Forensic Report of the suspect.

The test can be used as a powerful investigatory aid. The investigating agency has the duty to be confidential about the outcome revelations of the test, unless the same is otherwise revealed by material evidence and are presented in a court of law.