NOTE! This site uses cookies and similar technologies.

By using this website or our services you agree to our use of cookies. Learn more

I understand

A cookie is a small piece of data that a website asks your browser to store on your computer or mobile device. The cookie allows the website to "remember" your actions or preferences over time. Most browsers support cookies, but users can set their browsers to decline them and can delete them whenever they like.

Directive 2009/136/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 November 2009 amending Directive 2002/22/EC on universal service and users’ rights relating to electronic communications networks and services, Directive 2002/58/EC concerning the processing of personal data and the protection of privacy in the electronic communications sector and Regulation (EC) No 2006/2004 on cooperation between national authorities responsible for the enforcement of consumer protection laws (Text with EEA relevance) 

OJ L 337, 18.12.2009, p. 11–36 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)

Special edition in Croatian: Chapter 13 Volume 052 P. 224 - 249

http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ALL/?uri=CELEX:32009L0136

http://ec.europa.eu/ipg/basics/legal/cookies/index_en.htm

NSS In Courts

NSS has been used for a decade in Indian courts as a Support to Investigation.

NSS Reports are not used as Primary Evidence.

Unlike other technologies which have been used in 2 or 3 cases, NSS has been used in over 700 cases reported by independent Forensic laboratories in areas such as Murders, Insurgency, Poaching, Illegal immigration to name a few.

NSS is routinely used in highly sensitive cases to home in on perpetrators of a crime and differentiate involvement.

BRAIN SIGNATURE PROFILING IN INDIA: IT’S STATUS AS AN AID IN INVESTIGATION AND AS CORROBORATIVE EVIDENCE - AS SEEN FROM JUDGMENTS

In a significant development in 2010 the Supreme Court of India ruled that tests such as Narco, Lie Detection and Brain Electrical Activation Profile can be conducted with Informed consent, and any information or material discovered with the help of BEOS can be admitted as Evidence in court.

Unfortunately the court confused BEAP/BEOS with the outdated and minimalistic P300 technique with which BEOS has no connection.

 

Excerpt from the Supreme Court judgement-

“However, we do leave room for the voluntary administration of the impugned techniques in the context of criminal justice, provided that certain safeguards are in place. Even when the subject has given consent to undergo any of these tests, the test results by themselves cannot be admitted as evidence because the subject does not exercise conscious control over the responses during the administration of the test. However, any information or material that is subsequently discovered with the help of voluntary administered test results can be admitted, in accordance with Section 27 of the Evidence Act, 1872.

The National Human Rights Commission had published ‘Guidelines for the Administration of Polygraph Test (Lie Detector Test) on an Accused’ in 2000. These guidelines should be strictly adhered to and similar safeguards should be adopted for conducting the ‘Narcoanalysis technique’ and the ‘Brain Electrical Activation Profile’ test.

The text of these guidelines has been reproduced below:

(i) No Lie Detector Tests should be administered except on the basis of consent of the accused. An option should be given to the accused whether he wishes to avail such test.

(ii) If the accused volunteers for a Lie Detector Test, he should be given access to a lawyer and the physical, emotional and legal implication of such a test should be explained to him by the police and his lawyer.

(iii) The consent should be recorded before a Judicial Magistrate.

(iv) During the hearing before the Magistrate, the person alleged to have agreed should be duly

represented by a lawyer.

(v) At the hearing, the person in question should also be told in clear terms that the statement that is made shall not be a ‘confessional’ statement to the Magistrate but will have the status of a statement made to the police.

(vi) The Magistrate shall consider all factors relating to the detention including the length of detention and the nature of the interrogation.

(vii) The actual recording of the Lie Detector Test shall be done by an independent agency (such as a

hospital) and conducted in the presence of a lawyer.

(viii) A full medical and factual narration of the manner of the information received must be taken on record.”

BESS EEG-ERP Systems

Having been developed for research purposes, BESS is equipped with  a user-friendly stimulus presentation package, capable of presenting stimuli in visual and auditory modality, with unique provisions for customizing its stimulus presentation properties.

BESS provides a comprehensive Stimulus presentation package that automates functions related to ERP presentation from Presentation to Analysis, the first of its kind. In addition BESS interfaces with tools such as E-Prime and OpenSesame.

The xAmp series of amplifiers have 8 to 128 Channels, 24 bit resolution with simultaneous sampling of 20KHz per channel in select models. With a low noise floor of <1 uV the xAmp series ensure high quality recordings.

xAmp can interface with third party headsets and headgear including active electrodes.

xAmp has direct interfaces with Axxonet's innovative RapidCap, the new ultra fast deployment multi contact eeg cap that supports Saline and Gel recordings.

BESS has built-in digital EEG data processing capabilities that are complex, yet accurate and only found in solutions like Octave or Matlab.

Its advanced analysis package makes BESS a complete and one of the finest ERP tools for research in the area of neuroscience, be it cognitive science, neuropsychology or electrophysiology.

BESS is highly sophisticated, user friendly system developed for acquisition and analysis of bioelectrical brain activity.

It is employed in research under neuroscience, cognitive psychology, cognitive science, and psycho-physiology. It is available in Auditory and Visual modalities.

The systems are highly accurate with complex data processing and analysis capabilities. The systems are built over years of research and development in the field of Electroencephalography.

BESS is available in Desktop and Laptop versions for mobile recordings.

B.E.S.S. Models are available in 16, 32, 64, 128, and 256 channel configurations and can be built customized as per requirements.

Provisions are available to customize it as per the requirement for clinical application and diagnosis as well.

Clinical Sys2a
CLINICAL USAGE -  EEG/ERP’s distinguishes and identifies psychological and neural-sub processes, which are involved in simple and complex cognitive, perceptual and motor activities.

It has enormous amount of clinical significance including diagnosis of many underlying visual and auditory anomalies.

Provisions such as N400, P300, Checkerboard are readily available, which can be use to identify inconsistencies in Occipital, Auditory or Language based mechanisms in brain. 

EEG - ERP Recordings:

  • Ability to treat each stimulus as an Event with additional keyboard events
  • Ability to mark beginnings and end of Stimulus, Prestimulus duration
  • Group batch of Stimulus into bins
  • Edit event makers and save as new file